“WHY DO WE PRAY FOR THE DEAD?” HOMILY FOR THE COMMEMORATION OF ALL SOULS Rev. Fr. Boniface Nkem Anusiem PhD

all-souls

During our minor seminary days, late coming to any activity was (and is still) a great offence. Once the prayer commences in the chapel, for instance, those outside are considered late and would receive adequate punishment. One day, I was just stepping onto the threshold of the Chapel alongside other junior seminarians when the signal for the commencement of the prayer came. We were stopped just at the threshold where there was an inscription “Domus Dei et Porta Caeli” which means “House of God and gate of heaven”.

We were asked to move to one side and behind us were others who had not reached the threshold at all, and they have been invited to move to another side. After a while, one of the auxiliaries (prefects) pleaded with his colleague to allow us to enter into the chapel since we were not as late as the lot behind us and that we had reached the threshold. With this, we went through the traditional kneeling down as was obtainable at the time. After that, those of us who had reached the threshold were asked to cross over and join the rest inside the chapel while those of us were not only denied access but were also severely punished.

Yesterday we were in a happy mood as we celebrated the joy of our many brothers and sisters who have gained entrance into the Kingdom of heaven. Today, on the other hand, we contemplate the fate and pray for those who like in my story have reached but not crossed the threshold.

Today, we are encouraged to pray for those who might be undergoing some forms of probation. Such people have been asked to stand aside. They are not with those inside neither are they pushed outside and denied access like those who were gravely late. They are like in a betwixt position though with much hope. Their hope is in our prayers: their brothers and sisters in the militant Church. Attentive to this, the Catechism of the Catholic Church states:

All who die in God’s grace, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; but after death, they undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven (1030).

Attentive to the above, we are called to bend our knees in utter supplication to God on their behalf. We are encouraged to continuously call on God to have mercy on them and admit them into his Kingdom. Hence like those of us who were at the threshold of the Chapel and who were mildly punished and allowed to cross based on the pleading of one of the prefects, these our brothers and sisters cannot help themselves. They can only be liberated on account of our fervent prayers and supplications since they still stand a chance to enter into bliss.

We know about a place of temporary punishment or purification based on the confirmation of the word of God. Purgatory as a word is not mentioned in the Bible as it is, but we have references pointing to its reality just like the word Bible is not see in any of the books in the bible. If we read the Second book of Maccabees (12:46), we will discover that it is a worthwhile thing to pray for the dead so that their souls will be released. Of course even in our secular parlance, we observe minutes of silence for the dead, and afterwards, we say: “Rest In Peace” (RIP). We cannot do these if we do not have hope for a better future or rest for them.

In the Gospel of  Matthew (12:32), our Lord Jesus said that anyone who sins against the Son of man would receive forgiveness, but anyone who sins against the Holy Spirit will be forgiven neither in this world nor in the world to come. By this statement our Lord made us understand that there is forgiveness after our life in this world. He did not mention what the world to come looks like but that definitely cannot be heaven nor hell because there can be no any forgiveness the two locations. So we are left with purgatory as the most likely place that could stand for it.

Another excellent Biblical reference can be found in the first letter of St. Paul to the Corinthians (3:15). It will be very pertinent if we quote this passage and I wish to do so using the King James Version for the benefit of everyone. It says:

If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he

Himself will be saved, yet so as through fire.

St. Paul was saying that a man’s work will face judgement and he will suffer a loss on that account. But he will only be saved through fire. Now the Greek description of “suffer loss” is “zemiothesetai” and this comes from the root “Zemioo” which means punishment. (The same word we can see in Exodus 21:22; Proverbs 17:26 and Proverbs 19:19.)

From the passage above, we understand that a man’s work will undergo examination as with fire and on account of that he will receive punishment, and his salvation will still come but through that same burning by fire. It is like raw gold that can be refined only by passing it through fire.

Furthermore, in Revelation (21:27) we learn that nothing unclean can enter into the Kingdom of God; we can say that nothing raw, unrefined imperfect can come Into the Kingdom of Gog. So purgation or purification will be required for those who cannot be granted direct entrance on account of imperfection.

From our human evaluation perspective, there are various levels of offences. In the civil society, for example, a person who commits murder has committed a crime and someone who contravenes traffic rule also shall be guilty of an offence. But the same punishment cannot go for the two offences. St. John (1John 5:16) tells us about sins that lead to death and others that do not result in death. It is from here that we talk about mortal sins and venial sins.

We are greatly encouraged today to pray for our departed brethren as our prayers will assist as many as possible to be liberated from purgatory and be admitted into the Kingdom of God. Yes, they may be delayed but not denied or defeated.

May the Souls of the Faithful departed through the mercy of God rest in peace!

Fr. Bonnie.

2 Comments on ““WHY DO WE PRAY FOR THE DEAD?” HOMILY FOR THE COMMEMORATION OF ALL SOULS Rev. Fr. Boniface Nkem Anusiem PhD

  1. Aptly exposed. May the souls of all believers undergoing any kind of purgation receive the mercy of God and be found. worthy of admittance into Eternal bliss IJN,l. Amen.

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