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When I was a little child, I could recall asking my dad a question he could not answer. My question was “who is the father of God?” In my petite reflection, everyone should have a father just like me and including God Himself who “fathered” Adam and Eve. In his response, my dad told me that I should not bother myself with the question as anyone who does so will die thinking! In order words, my dad was telling me that the paternity of God is a mystery! What is a mystery?

Most definitions of mystery see it as something that is difficult to explain or understand. A more religious approach sees it as a religious truth that can only be known through revelation. Today we are faced with one of the most profound mysteries in the Church’s life and teaching; the mystery of the trinity. The doctrine of the Holy Trinity tells us that there is one God who eternally exists as three distinct persons- The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit. Seen in another way, it states that “God is ONE in essence and THREE in persons”. The divine calculation is 1+1+1= 1.

God being ONE in essence and THREE in Person is the crux of the matter. Examining this mystery is a task that nobody can claim to have exhaustive treatment as nobody can completely get to the depths of God because God is Spirit and unlimited while we are human and limited.

There is one God (Deut.6:4). In this same one God there are three divine Persons: The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit. They are not three Gods (rather three Persons) but each of them is God: The Father is God (Is 9:5; Eph 4:6) The Son is God (John 20:28) The Holy Spirit is God (Acts 5:3-4). The Father is the Creator, The Son is the Redeemer and the Holy Spirit is the Sanctifier. The three distinct persons make up One God having one undivided substance.

Today we will be making effort to use the physical and spiritual sciences (the scriptures) to support our understanding of the Holy Trinity. In applying the physical sciences in demonstrating the Most Holy Trinity, we will be making use of analogies. It is worth noting that they are mere analogies, hence they do not perfectly exhaust the mystery of the Trinity, if they do, then the doctrine of the Trinity will no longer be a mystery. Actually the perfect explanation of the Trinity is the God.





We can at this juncture move in to inquire what the spiritual sciences speak about God. Our source remains the bible. Notable the word Trinity is not used in the bible, but this does not vitiate the fact that the Trinity does not exist. Even the word bible is not found anywhere in the bible but we have it expressed in other words like inspired words. Here we have allusion that more aptly understands the Trinity.


Some people would argue that Jesus Christ is not God. And we reply through the bible:

We also establish to those who doubt that the Holy Spirit is equally God.



We have just attempted to establish as much as possible that there are three persons in one God: Father the Son and the Holy Spirit. Above this rational attempt, it will be good for us to explore what we can learn from the Trinitarian union of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The following are very instructive:

1)      Unity in our diversity

2)      Community in functionality

3)      Equality in personality.

4)      Sharing with and helping one another

5)      Living in faith and trust

6)      Knowing our positions and keeping to them



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